In today’s world, women and girls are facing a lot of issues, and the word “woman” in English has developed over the past millennium, but in reality, nothing much has been changed. However, men have been worshiping women for sexual purposes, and otherwise, women’s humiliation and rape have been increasing every year despite the new constitution and awareness.
Moreover, significant problems related to women’s development are based on men’s most decisions that are resisting women to be on the top. And in an effort to make the audience more aware of the real issues affecting women and girls worldwide, you will find the top 9 vital problems that keep women and girls treated equally as men. It does not matter whether you are new to the topic or an expert; the information mentioned below should clarify the broad concept of women’s and girls’ issues.
- Availability Of Education
A recent report from UNESCO that is released on the occasion of girl child international day shows that more than 200 million girls have joined primary and secondary educational institutions since 1995. Despite this increase in every level of education, girls are still likely to suffer barring compared to boys, and the current pandemic further exacerbates the situation. Therefore, it remains essential for the government to eliminate discrimination to attain gender equality for the future generation.
- Employment Opportunities
Despite great progress in every field over the past years, women are still facing gender inequality even at workplaces. Recent statistics have shown that women earn approx $0.75 for every $1 earned by men. Worldwide, the percentage of the gender gap is much broader; women only contribute one-tenth of the total income despite working two-thirds of the entire working hours. Therefore, empowering women to earn their actual share will benefit the whole communities because women are more likely to invest their money back in their communities and families as compared to men do.
- Reproductive Health And Rights
250 million women living in developing countries have an imperative need for family planning because they are contributing to 80 million unplanned pregnancies and 40 million abortions each year, according to a report created by women deliver (advocacy group). Therefore, helping women make decisions when to get pregnant might reduce maternal deaths and unsafe abortion by over 75% every year and conserves some essential resources required during pregnancy.
- Maternal Health
According to the statistics provided by the world health organization, approximately 820 women die due to preventable causes regarding childbirth and pregnancy. And if you calculate total lives, it is around 300,000 or even more that are unnecessarily lost while indulging in so-called life-creating events. Moreover, 99% of the total maternal deaths are recorded in developing countries. Some major causes may include severe bleeding, infections after childbirth, complications from delivery, high blood pressure during pregnancy (eclampsia and pre-eclampsia). However, the rest may be caused due to diseases like AIDS and malaria during pregnancy. Not to mention all of these can be prevented easily with no further cost.
- Gender-Based Violence
According to statistics, more than 40 percent of total women around the globe have experienced either sexual and/or physical violence by an intimate partner or sexual violence by non-partner (excluding sexual harassment) at a certain point in their lives. Recent studies have shown that more than 70 percent of women have experienced sexual and/or physical violence from an intimate partner in their lives.
Though, evidence depicts women who suffer physical and/or sexual violence from their intimate partner report a higher rate of acquiring HIV, having an abortion and depression, than other women who have not, whether it is rape, domestic abuse, or sexual trafficking, violence based on gender pertaining to a lot of women to live healthy, happy, and fulfilling lives.
- Child Marriage
According to data, one out of five girls will become child brides globally, which mostly occur in developing countries. However, girls who are married below the age of 18 are resistant to education due to the rising complications regarding premature childbearing and making them more vulnerable to intimate partners’ violence.
- Female Genital Mutilation
The world health organization defines FGM or female genital mutilation as procedures that intentionally cause injury or alter the female genital organs for non-therapeutic purposes. Though, it is a complex issue with cultural and religious implications for the people who perform it. It is general agreement in the international community that FGM can result in real health consequences, promote inequality between gender, and violate a child’s rights.
- Water And Sanitation
When it comes to hygienic sanitation and clean drinking water facilities, these are always in short supply, hence, make girls and women suffer a lot. Moreover, in schools where there is a lack of proper bathroom facilities, girls often try to skip their school days during their menstrual periods due to fear of embarrassment. Not to mention, women living in developing countries have to travel a long distance to fetch a can of water, which is a very tiring and time-consuming process. Therefore, it is essential for the government to take the necessary steps to improve the quality of women’s life.
- Gender Equality
When it comes to girls and women, gender inequality is always there, whether it is pertaining to girls getting a proper schooling in developing countries or an unfair share of pay for women even after working more than males at the workplace. In a world where a male community leads most countries, it is crystal clear to everyone that you have a long way to go before girls and women are provided with a fair stake as a joint community member.
Therefore, it is vital for everyone to raise a voice against gender inequality, and appropriately addressing the issue will help draw the attention of most users online who are ready to address the real issue that every girl and woman is facing.
These are the top 9 major issues and making people aware that it will positively impact society.